A few decades ago, ‘marijuana’ or ‘cannabis’ was a banned substance, and it was pretty much taboo even to say these words. Cannabis was classified as a drug, and it was illegal to produce, carry, distribute, or make products from it. There used to be substantial monetary fines and even imprisonment for illegal possession and distribution of cannabis.
The US DEA Drug Enforcement Administration still classifies marijuana as a Schedule I drug and in the same category as heroin and ecstasy.
However, in recent years the vast research has led to the discovery of many possible health benefits of cannabis intake. According to research and market analysis, the legal marijuana trade will expand to $91 billion by 2027.
Apart from recreational use, marijuana can help treat various medical ailments such as eating disorders, muscle spasms, epilepsy, seizures, glaucoma, PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Alzheimer’s, and nausea. It is legal to use cannabis in many states, and one can even buy the best cannabis seeds online, grow them, and find relief from chronic pain.
What is the difference between Cannabis and Marijuana?
One of the common trouble people have is distinguishing between hemp, cannabis, and marijuana. In truth, all three come from the Cannabaceae family, and there are some botanical and organic differences between them.
The word ‘cannabis’ refers to the genus of flowering plants that come under the Cannabaceae family and includes nearly 170 species that are classified into three groups that are
- Cannabis Sativa
- Cannabis Ruderalis
- Cannabis Indica
Cannabis is a flowering plant with numerous uses, such as clothing, rope, paper, and building materials. The leaves, roots, and flowers of cannabis are used for various medical purposes.
Both marijuana and hemp are also known as cannabis plants, but both have different chemical compositions. cannabis seed production has more has 100 different compounds called ‘cannabinoids,’ but the two most important are THC Tetrahydrocannabinol that makes a person ‘high,’ and CBD cannabidiol, which is not psychoactive.
Marijuana contains a high concentration of THC and some amount of CBD. There are different strains of marijuana that contain different amounts of THC and CBD. Marijuana is still legally banned at the federal level, but many states have authorized various programs to cultivate and distribute marijuana for medical and recreational usage.
Hemp, on the other hand, contains CBD and only minute traces of THC. The CBD compound has many therapeutic benefits and is used for various health conditions such as chronic pain, inflammation, anxiety, skin allergies, and muscle pain.
Getting hold of marijuana seeds is still quite tricky, and one has first to know the state rules. It is also challenging to find a reliable seed bank. Some of the factors to consider when contacting the best cannabis breeders seeds are
- The potency level and presence of CBD and THC content
- Will the seeds grow as the breeder says they will
- The structure, density, color, and smell of the bud
- How easy it will be to develop the seeds
How many States have Legalized Medical Cannabis?
The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 banned any medical, recreational, or industrial use of Cannabis. However, numerous attempts were made to reevaluate the status of cannabis use, but all were overturned. The Supreme Court stated that the federal government has the right to regulate cannabis and check its usage, even for medical reasons.
With time, the use of cannabis was still a significant debate, but in 1996 California became the first state to legalize the medical use of cannabis. The voters went in favor of Proposition 215 by a 56-44 margin.
In later years, other states began to adopt ballot initiatives, and by 2016, most states made medical use of cannabis legal. However, in 2012, Washington and Colorado were the first two states to legalize the recreational use of cannabis as well.
Today, the use of cannabis for medical purposes is legal and allowed in 36 states. There are 12 other states that allow CBD products but restrict the use of THC that causes intoxication.
Out of 34 states that have allowed cannabis for medical and recreational use, Washington D.C and 18 of the states have also allowed homeowners to grow cannabis in their backyard. The 18 states include
- New Mexico
- Rhode Island
The homeowners have to follow state rules on the type and number of cannabis plants they can home grow. For example, states limit recreational marijuana plant cultivation from 4 to 12 plants, while the medical marijuana plant limit is from 6 to 18 plants.
Today, almost 60% of states have legalized medical or recreational cannabis use, and nearly 30% have also allowed home cultivation of cannabis. One of the easy ways to buy seeds is through online stores. The marijuana seeds the online USA makes it easy as everything is defined in specific categories. You can select from a range of options such as
- Beginner seeds
- Feminized seeds
- Autoflowering seeds
- Medical seeds
- Grow kits
- Seed growing nutrients
How to Grow Medical Cannabis
The medical cannabis laws vary from one state to another and based on how cannabis maybe
- Made into products; and
The most crucial aspect is for what medical illness or ailment the cannabis may be used for. For example, Marijuana is sold in numerous ways, but the most common is dried and cured flower, which mostly comes from the Cannabis Sativa plant. There are various other forms to take marijuana, like edibles, topicals, and supplements.
A patient who is finding better pain relief from consuming cannabis than regular medicine or drug will want to ensure a constant supply of cannabis by home growing it. But there is no ‘medical strain’ cannabis that one can grow and avoid the THC concentration.
The first thing you need to do is decide the strain, such as Indica, Sativa, or hybrid. There are various strains of both Indica and Sativa with varying amounts of CBD and THC and with different tastes, smells, and potencies.
The recreational strains are quite high in demand, limiting the options for those looking to get medical benefits. Consuming marijuana can have different physical and mental effects. For example, it can impact both mood and appetite.
To grow medical cannabis, one has to be sure of what his/her medical condition requires and what strain would be beneficial. The cannabis plant thrives outdoors, but it can easily be grown indoors, and you can control its growth and cultivation. If you are looking to consume cannabis to relieve specific symptoms, you will want to have the best quality.
The illegal growing of cannabis is not only good for the environment, but it can increase carbon footprint and energy use. Most growers will strip the land and use pesticides to grow crops that significantly impact the ecosystem. The growers will have to obey stringent laws and find a way to dispose of the toxic waste products. You can grow cannabis outdoors, indoors, or hydroponically. If you follow the steps, then you can produce high-quality cannabis on your own.
Colorado’s state laws have already started to give positive results; for example, the proper use of lighting, ventilation, and dehumidification system has allowed people to home grow cannabis. Indoor cultivation has reduced energy consumption and provided healthy plants.
There are many ways to grow medical cannabis, but it depends on your budget, time, and convenience. Cannabis is a crop, and there are many factors to consider, such as water supply, bugs, light exposure, and fertilizing the land.
You can grow cannabis outdoors or hydroponic without soil to get a better yield. But the easiest and best choice for growing medical cannabis indoors is by using soil.
The steps you need to follow are
- Purchasing seeds to improve yield
One of the most important steps is to buy the best marijuana seeds online. The cannabis plants come in male and female varieties. You need to buy the seeds from a reputable dealer. The good thing about buying seeds online is quickly searching through many strains and seeds and choosing the best one.
- Germinate the seeds
Germination is a process through which the seeds begin to sprout. There are different ways of germination, but the conditions should be kept warm and moist for fast growth. Germinate the seeds directly in the soil and keep the seeds one inch. For old and dried leaves, you can drop them in a glass of warm water and keep them in the dark for one and half days, after which sprouting will take place.
- Preparing the soil
It is best to use potting soil and not plant the seeds in nutrient-rich soil. You can add nutrients after one or two weeks. You can easily get a soil mix designed for cannabis growth. Some of the factors you need to consider are pH level, texture, and soil nutrients.
Cannabis grows best in soil that has a pH level from 6 to 7. You can add certain organic elements to increase the nitrogen and phosphorous content of the soil.
- Caring for the plants
In the vegetative stage, the plants will grow, and this stage lasts from 4 to 5 weeks. You need to keep a check on different aspects such as
- Water: Put a finger in the soil and check for dryness. Add 10% to 20% of water
- pH level: The best pH level is from 6 to 7
- Lights: Providing light for 18 hours is a must, and you can keep the plants in the dark for 6 hours
- Nutrients: Add nutrients to the water that will be given to the plants
- Humidity: The humidity must be maintained from 70% to 80% in the seeding process and 50% to 80% in the vegetative stage
- Temperature: The temperature should be kept from 70 to 75 degrees
- Bigger pots: Transfer the plants to big pots if they grow large and the soil and pot are small.
- Induce flowering
You can end the vegetative stage if the plants are grown to a sizeable height. You can start the schedule of 12 hours light and 12 hours darkness to activate the flowering process. You should remove any male flowers to avoid pollination. A male flower has pollen sacks where the stem connects to the branch, while a female flower has white hairs.
For optimum growth, you have to redefine the rules. The flowers should get maximum light in 12 hours. Change the nutrient setting of the soil and select a formula that has a higher concentration of phosphorous and low nitrogen. Also, reduce the humidity level to 40% to 50%. After two months, it will be time to start the harvest.
It takes anywhere from 10 to 32 weeks to grow cannabis plants, but it all depends on the method you choose, whether you are planting outdoors or indoors, and how big you want the plants to grow.
How is Medical Cannabis taken?
In the US, the dried flower from the mature female plant is the most widely consumed form of cannabis. However, different concentrates and extracts of cannabis are used in the rest of the world. Every state has its own rules for the cultivation and use of medical cannabis. There are a majority of states that have legalized it for medical purposes.
Few of the websites offer the best marijuana seeds online from which you can home grow cannabis for personal use or even set up a dispensary.
There are not one but dozen of ways to take advantage of the CBD compound present in cannabis. The popular ways include CBD oil, supplement, tincture, edibles, topicals, and spray. The different ways to consume cannabis are
- Inhaling the CBD compound in vapor form from a device called a vaporizer
- Smoking the leaves of cannabis
- Consuming it in the form of a brownie or mixing it with other food
- Topically applying it in the form of oil, lotion, or cream
- Placing few drops of CBD liquid under the tongue
The different consumption methods impact the body differently. For example, smoking or vaporizing provides a faster result, while consuming edible form takes longer for cannabis to give the required effect.
The world is quickly starting to see the positive aspect of cannabis, in particular its wide range of health benefits. Most patients do not want to consume chemically manufactured medicines and always look for alternative methods to relieve pain. Well, medical cannabis is doing just that by offering a more natural and organic way to treat and soothe the pain.
The legalization initiatives have started in different states. The medical cannabis market will expand in the future, and it will also be easy to grow cannabis at home.